Barguzin valley has inimitably beautiful landscapes; natural complexes, rich history and culture. This place is steeped in ancient legends and tales, and its nature is striking in its originality and greatness. The Mongols of the Empire of Genghis Khan believed that the Barguzin valley was so far, that they called it Bargudzhin-Tokum – “The edge of the world”. Evenk and Buryat tribes who lived here professed shamanism and worshiped spirits. Today this place is known as “the Land of a thousand spirits”.
It is a large valley (more than 200 km) between the Barguzin and Ikat ridges. There are almost no roads, but there are taiga, desert and mountainous tundra, so it is used for test drives of offroaders. This legendary place attracts adventurers. Here is located the legendary burial place of Genghis Khan, who went into the country of Bargudzhin-Tokum. Also, according to legend, Genghis Khan’s mother Oelun was from Barguzin valley.
Barguzin valley is the birthplace of the Eastern wind, which can reach 20 meters per second and, as fishermen say, it drives omul to the fishing-net. According to the ancient Buryat legend, Barguzin is one of the owners of the Omul barrel, which attracted omul. Kultuk and Barguzin were friends, until they both fell in love with the wayward beauty Sarma. And she demanded dowry – omul barrel. So heroes started to fight for omul barrel, but it suddenly disappeared. Baikal took it to stop arguments between friends. Sarma did not marry anyone of them. Since then, Baikal winds are arguing and still can`t please Sarma.
Which place can rightly be called one of the most beautiful and mysterious places in Buryatia? Of course, Barguzin valley! Pure nature, rich history, convenient location, mineral springs and spiritual places that can fulfill your wishes and give strength to achieve life goals.
The valley is a storehouse of mysterious legends and tales. Here is one of many legends about the origin of the name of the valley. Once upon a time, a traveler accidentally got to the valley. There were rivers, forests, fields, mountains, fish and animals. And then he called the valley “rich area” . The word “rich“ in Mongolian sounds like ”Barguzin”. Soon other people found out about Barguzin valley, and reached there. The inhabitants of the valley became known as the “barguty” or in the Buryat version – “bargudzhiny”.
The valley is rich with sacred monuments of nature. For locals, these are revered places of power. For example, mount Barkhan-Uula is the highest point of the Barguzin range. Local residents believe that the mountains have their own guardian spirits – Barkhan Babay and Hajir-Sagaan-Noyon. There is a legend that the Orda commander is buried here. Also in the biography of Soodo-Lama it was written that he could fly up to the top of the mountain to meditate there at the tip of the leaf.
It’s no wonder it is called the land of a thousand spirits! There are many legends and beliefs about the valley. Locals revere these places, as they believe that each place has its own spirits.